Early stimulation activities or exercises, also known as early attention, help to develop child psychomotor skills, as well as cognitive abilities, independence, and other aspects of the child’s or baby’s life. These activities are very useful for children between the ages of 0 and 6 years, because it is the stage in which the child forms his personality; Hence the importance of early stimulation or attention.
The areas that we work through these routines are the following:
Thin and fine motor, language, cognition, personal and emotional, social.
In this article we present 49 exercises or early care activities grouped by age and area. They are also presented in the order in which children or infants develop the skills to work in each exercise.
Index of 49 early stimulation exercises:
1. Exercises for babies from 0 to 12 months
2. Exercises for babies from 1 to 2 years
3. Exercises for children from 2 to 3 years
4. Exercises for children from 3 to 4 years
5. Exercises for children from 4 to 6 years
Make the adaptations that you consider important according to the needs of your child or baby
Early stimulation exercises for babies from 0 to 12 months
• Massage: Rub a soft cream or oil cloth on the baby’s body and at the same time tell how the caresses feel. This activity favors the taste to the touch and the ties of empathy.
• Help control your head: When your child is lying on his or her stomach, offer bright colored toys with cheerful sounds to motivate him to lift his head . If it is difficult for the child to lift it, put a blanket under the chest and shoulders or place it in his chest almost sitting so that the work is facilitated.
• Another way is to put him on his back and place toys at his sides to encourage him to turn his head.
• Stimulate the baby to turn around: Once the child has control of his/her head it is time to teach him how to turn his body. Place the child on a soft blanket, slowly raise one side of the blanket so that the child rolls to the other side, continues to roll it while you talk demonstrating your joy. This activity of early stimulation favors the motor of the baby.
• Develop hand coordination: Place a finger on the palm of the baby’s hand so that the touch closes and helps stimulate their reflexes, if you always have a closed hand, rub from the little finger to the wrist to open the hand And grasping his finger, this small exercise will encourage the development of the child’s psychomotor skills.
• Looking in the mirror: Put the baby in a comfortable place, let him look in the mirror and recognize himself, look at him and smile, make signs with his hand. This activity stimulates your body self-awareness.
• When you can’t sleep caress, smile, talk.
• Call it by its name in a sweet tone.
• Have fun with him by shaking hands and saying “goodbye” so the baby starts to imitate you
• Tell him everything you do with clear language so he understands.
• Give your baby a soft tap on the tip of the nose to stimulate your flicker reflex.
• When you release an object let it pick it up.
• An exercise that can also help your cognitive stimulation is, appear and disappear in front of him with a blanket.
Early stimulation exercises for babies 1 to 2 years old
Balancing Exercise : Hold the child by the armpits and bend it gently to the sides, back and forth leaving it straight up alone. In the beginning, support the child, when he improves his balance, he can always let go if he is going to fall.
Give your baby leaves and colors where she/he can freely express her/his self
Textures: Dress your child in a comfortable way by letting their hands free so that you can feel different sensations, place in front of your baby dolls with different textures so you can touch them and recognize the different textures. This activity favors perception.
Recite the body parts : Play with your child inviting him to touch the body parts while you recite them. This activity favors the identity process.
Early stimulation exercises for children 2 to 3 years old
• Classify : Classify objects with your child, can help you sort the clothes by placing the stockings in a mountain, shirts on the other side or can also be organizing the toys in boxes. This activity of stimulation or early attention helps the child to concentrate , pay attention to the details and look at the similarity and difference of things.
• Red light, green light : At one end of the room, place a tape on the floor and at the other end place another tape parallel to the first. Clear the room and place the child behind a line and tell him not to move from there until you tell him, explain that when you say “green” you have to try to reach the other line and pass it but say “red” Must stop. Start by placing yourself on your back and say “green” then say “red” and you turn at once to see if it stopped. Continue until you reach the end line. This activity will help stimulate patience and self-control .
• Teach children songs, look for songs that leave a message or teach you something, such as songs that help you learn numbers, colors, and more. This simple and fun exercise will help stimulate your child’s language.
• Read stories, short children’s stories with illustrations, and others ; You can have him ask about the drawings, then ask him questions about the story and if he can tell you the story, you can also have fun dramatizing the story.
• Help your child understand what things are theirs and which ones they should not take. You can also teach him simple tasks such as picking up his toys.
• Teach her to express his feelings and describe them, constantly ask him how he feels.
• Encourage him to be clean and teach him to get off and pull up his pants so he can go comfortably to the bathroom, remember to dress him in comfortable, easy-to-wear clothes.
Early stimulation exercises for children 3 to 4 years old
• Time to dance: Place songs that can dance together and the lyrics indicate actions, try to coordinate the movements with the actions indicated by the song, can also invent new movements and vary the songs, if there are more children you can invite them to join.
• Semaphore: Tell the child that when you say the word “green” he should stand and jump, when you say “red” he should sit on the floor and be paralyzed, when you say “yellow” he should run to a certain point and return, this activity will help you jump, run, stop suddenly and keep your attention, you can also add more colors and activities throughout the exercise.
• Your own story: You can help the child create his own story. Help him cut out pictures he chooses and can stick them on sheets of paper and put together his own story books. It is important for the child to create the story.
• Puzzles: You can also teach him how to make puzzles, you can start with a few simple pieces or cut out a picture in the form of a puzzle and ask him to make it, then you can tell him to tell you a story related to the image. In addition, you will promote your attention to detail in your child.
• Drawing: Ask the child to draw on a sheet of paper what he wants and as he does, ask him what he does, then without ordering what to draw or limiting his imagination, draw together specific objects or people, during the time they draw you can do it Questions such as where the nose, mouth, eyes, how to draw, among others.
• Teach the names of different shapes like the square, rectangle and circle; And teach it to recognize each one by its characteristics and form.
• You can invent an activity to classify objects with the child according to size, color, weight, figure, among others; While they do ask you why you classify objects in that way, if you get wrong do not correct it immediately, but through questions try to persuade him to realize it alone. In addition, while doing this exercise you can explain what each object serves, such as “the pencil serves us to write”.
• Always try to talk with the child and respond clearly and easily to their questions, also ask them to tell you about their feelings and emotions.
• Let him begin to choose his own clothes and show him how to dress and undress.
• You can also tell her to help you with some household chores . Together they can store toys, fold clothes, among others.
• Support your school teachers, if you go to school, and ask them how the child’s performance is and how to help him improve day by day.
These activities also allow you to develop concentration and attention to detail in your child. If your child is distracted quickly, perhaps you should read our article on attention deficit here
Early stimulation exercises for children 4 to 6 years old
• Invite your child to take off their shoes and walk in tip toe and then on their heels, you can alternate this exercise.
• You can draw a long line and right on the floor and ask him to walk on it without leaving the line.
• Take him to the park and encourage him to walk, run, jump and make use of his whole body and continue to do exercises to dance and coordinate his movements .
• You can play with him to make sculptures and figures of clay, plasticine or mass of various colors.
• Join seeds of various types and sizes and ask them to separate them with your fingers. They can also continue to make their own stories with clippings and images and creating stories.
• Invite him to build things with objects that you give him, like cubes and sticks, and as he asks questions that help him think about what he is doing, ask him to tell you about what he is doing.
• Help him to differentiate between his right and left side, through exercises with his hands. For example, when you say “right” you should move your right arm, when you say “left” you should move your left arm, if you say “up” you should jump up, if you say “down” you should crouch, Adding new movements and combining them.
• Try to incorporate the numbers in the activities you do together, for example you can count your shoes when you change or your toys. You can also take advantage of these activities and make simple object-related riddles.
• Do not forget to talk to the child and invite him to do it with you, to tell you how he is doing in school, about his teachers, his friends, how was his day, etc.
• Teach him to say his full name and surname, the name of his parents, age. This will encourage the stimulation of the child’s language.
• Make sure that your child interacts with other children , plays with them and has fun with them, who invent their own way to recreate and have fun.